Arabica

Coffea Arabica

Origin

Coffea Arabica originated in Ethiopia, in the Kaffa region, where it was discovered growing wild in about the 15th century. From there, it spread to the rest of the Arab world via Yemen.
It was not until the second half of the 17th century, when the desire to drink coffee had also taken hold of Western Europe, that the coffee plant began to migrate, ending Arabia's monopoly in the cultivation of the coffee tree.
Thus, the cultivation of the coffee plant spread to India (Malabar), Java and even to the American continent. To this day, Coffea Arabica or simply "Arabica" is the most widespread variety, accounting for 60-70% of world production.


Appearance

The typical shape of the Arabica bean is oval, rather flat and with an S-shaped cut in the middle.


Cultivation

Coffea thrives between 23 degrees north and 25 degrees south of the equator in tropical and subtropical climates.
Arabica is mainly grown in the highlands between 1000 and 2200 metres. The largest producers are (sorted in descending order of cultivation volume):


  1. Brazil
  2. Colombia
  3. Ethiopia
  4. Honduras / Peru
  5. Guatemala
  6. Mexico
  7. Nicaragua
  8. El Salvador
  9. Costa Rica

The ideal rainfall for Arabica is between 1500-2500mm per year. Due to the deep root system, Arabica plants thrive even in dry upper soil layers. Arabica cherries ripen faster than those of Robusta, at 9 months, which means that the period for pruning and fertilising is longer.
A healthy Arabica tree produces between 1 to 5kg of coffee cherries per season.



Taste

High quality Arabica coffee has a slightly sweet taste with floral notes and fruity, berry aromas. Depending on personal taste, the fruity acidity and absence of bitterness may be perceived as pleasant. The intensity of these taste and aroma characteristics is largely determined by the degree of roasting. The lighter the roast, the stronger the emphasis on the fruity characteristics. The origin of the beans also determines the aroma. Depending on the region, the beans have different flavour profiles.

Cultivation

  • Higher altitudes (1000-2000m)
  • Sensitive plant, high demands on soil and climate.
  • Faster ripening (9 months)

Climate

  • 15-25°C / Coffea Arabica needs a temperate climate

Caffeine

  • Low: 0.8 to 1.5%

Oil content

  • 15-17% / The higher oil content provides the smooth, supple texture

Sugar

  • 6-9% / Arabica is the "sweeter" bean

Appearance

    Coffea Arabica
  • Long, round, curved cut

Taste

  • Delicate, fine taste.
  • Precise aroma formation, fine acidity.

Our coffee recommendations!

The following 100% Arabica espresso blends from our Italian roasters reflect the diversity of flavours.


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